Climate Change Policy
Smallholder farmers are among those most likely to suffer hunger from climate change
Smallholder farmers already face numerous hurdles to grow enough food for themselves and their families. They need sufficient fertile land, rains at the right time, health and strength to work the fields, freedom from conflict, access to inputs, and fair marketing opportunities. Climate change is an additional burden for smallholder farmers.
A changing climate not only means higher temperatures, but also longer droughts, greater flood damage, stronger storms, sea level rise, and spread of human, livestock and plant diseases.
Many of the farmers the Foodgrains Bank supports are already noticing changes, such as unpredictable rains and more frequent droughts.
Our member agencies are doing excellent work in helping farmers adapt to these changes—be it conservation agriculture, small irrigation schemes, or sand dams.
But this is a global problem. And it requires changes in national and global policies to effectively help developing countries—and those most vulnerable—cope with climate change.
What are we trying to do?
We are calling on the Canadian government to help developing countries adapt to climate change by contributing its fair share of funding to international efforts. At the Paris climate conference in 2015, developed countries, including Canada, agreed to a goal of mobilizing $100 billion a year by 2020 for developing countries, with funds balanced between mitigation (reducing greenhouse gases) and adaptation (enabling people to adapt to the changing climate). The Foodgrains Bank encourages Canada to contribute it’s fair share, with at least 50% for adaptation, and to focus on the needs of the most vulnerable.
What have we accomplished?
In November 2015, the Government of Canada committed $2.65 billion over five years to help developing countries tackle climate change and adapt to its impacts. This is a significant step towards Canada’s fair share. Canada has also been increasing the percentage of its climate finance going toward adaptation, from 16% (2010-2012) to 39% (2013-2015). However, this dropped to 25% in the current commitment (2016-2021).
What are we still working on?
So far most of Canada’s climate change financing is supporting mitigation in developing countries—efforts to slow climate change. We are urging the government to ensure that more goes towards adaptation—helping smallholder farmers and others adjust to the changes they are experiencing. This is the key priority for smallholder farmers.
We are also advocating that all funding should be additional to existing development assistance, so that other vital areas, such as health and education, aren’t neglected. Adaptation funding should be given as grants not loans. And it should be focused on those most vulnerable to climate change, including small-scale farmers.
The Canadian government has so far made no specific commitments beyond 2020. We are calling for increased and more predictable support in the longer term, as needs are getting more severe.
We are also advocating for sustainable agricultural practices, such as conservation agriculture, that can empower farmers to adapt to climate change, while also increasing food production.
Canadian Coalition on Climate Change and Development
The Canadian Coalition on Climate Change and Development (C4D) is a coalition of over 30 Canadian international development organizations working to share knowledge and take action on climate change. Canadian Foodgrains Bank has been an active member of this network, and currently serves as co-chair. Recent reports by C4D include:
- C4D’s Submission to Canada’s International Climate Finance Consultations, 2020
- The Reality of Canada’s Climate Finance, 2020 (research commissioned by C4D)
- Elevating Ambition in Canada’s Post-2020 International Climate Finance, 2019, C4D’s policy brief in English and French
- Canada’s Climate Finance: Delivering on climate change and development goals, 2018, C4D’s policy brief